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ALEXANDER THE GREAT
VIDEO LECTURES by Dr. William J. Neidinger
1. From the Ashes of the Peloponnesian War.
After nearly 30 years of fratricidal warfare, the Greek cities were financially, militarily and spiritually exhausted. Nonetheless, without hesitation, they embarked upon another six decades of war. As they battled one another, Persia moved into the Aegean. Was there no end in sight to the suicidal wars of the Greeks?
2. The Rise of Macedonia: Philip II and Alexander III.
The perennial dream of ancient Greek politicians for a united Greece against Persia was about to come true, but from a most unexpected source - from a kingdom that many Greeks deemed barbarous, uncivilized and only barely Greek: Macedonia. Philip and Alexander welded together a military machine that neither Greeks nor Persians would be able to withstand.
5 lectures on DVD
3. Alexander Invades the Persian Empire.
With opposition amongst the Greeks brutally quelled, Alexander brought his army of Macedonians and Greeks into Persian territory to liberate the Greeks subject to the Shah. The Phoenicians opposed him, the Egyptians welcomed him, the Shah avoided him. After two decisive defeats (and escapes), Shah Darius III was murdered by his own men.
4. Alexander Conquers the Persian Empire.
With Darius dead, Alexander expected to effortlessly assume the role of Lord of Asia. But the further east he went, the more intense he found native opposition. His dream of a universal state of Persians and Greeks was not to be – it was wanted by neither the Greeks nor the Persians, to say nothing of the other peoples of Asia.
5. The Greek World After Alexander.
Alexander finally met his match, the monsoon rains. His troops refused to go on, so he returned to the new capital of his empire, Babylon. But the two year return march took its toll on Alexander. He died in Babylon and his generals immediately carved up his empire. The Greek world which survived Alexander was profoundly different from the world which preceded him.
"Alexander the Great” Lecture Notes
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Feb. 13, 2020